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# k i w y

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## Arithmetic Operators

The basic operators are: + , - , * , / , %
These do arithmetic as expected (addition, subtraction, etc). Division is a special case. For integers, the / operator gives the quotient of a division, and the % operator, called the modulus operator, gives the remainder.

```  int remainder = 19 % 5;    // gives the result 4
int quotient = 19 / 5;     // gives the result 3
```
This example illustrates the arithmetic operations in Java
```public class Arithmetic
{
public static void main(String[] args)
{
int x, y;
System.out.print("Enter integer value for x: ");
System.out.print("Enter integer value for y: ");

// display arithmetic results
System.out.println();
System.out.println(x + " + " + y + " = " + (x + y));
System.out.println(x + " - " + y + " = " + (x - y));
System.out.println(x + " * " + y + " = " + (x * y));
System.out.println(x + " / " + y + " = " + (x / y));
System.out.println(x + " % " + y + " = " + (x % y));
System.out.println();

// now try it for doubles

double a, b;
System.out.print("Enter double (float) value for a: ");
System.out.print("Enter double (float) value for b: ");

// display arithmetic results
System.out.println();
System.out.println(a + " + " + b + " = " + (a + b));
System.out.println(a + " - " + b + " = " + (a - b));
System.out.println(a + " * " + b + " = " + (a * b));
System.out.println(a + " / " + b + " = " + (a / b));
System.out.println(a + " % " + b + " = " + (a % b));
System.out.println();

}
}

```

When doing an arithmetic operation on two operands of the same type, the result is also the same type.  What about operations on mixed numeric types?

```  int x = 5;
float y = 3.6;
```

If we do (x + y), what type will the result have?  In this case, a float. An arithmetic operation on two mixed types returns the larger type (where floating point types are always considered "larger" than integer types, as well). The result of (x + y) will be 8.6.